Andhra Pradesh


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Andhra Pradesh is one in every of the twenty nine states of India placed in southern India, deckle-edged on the south by Tamil Nadu state, on the west by Karnataka state, on the north and northwest by Maharashtra state, on the north-east by Madhya Pradesh and Orissa states, and on the east by the Bay of Bengal. The state is that the eighth largest state in India covering an area of 160,205 km2.

Andhra Pradesh State Basic Information

Capital Amaravati
Area 160,205 sq. km
Population 84,580,777
No. of District 13
Literacy Rate 67.02%
Chief Minister N. Chandrababu Naidu
Governer E.S.L. Narasimhan
Sex Ratio 993
Language Telugu, Urdu, English
Date of Formation 1 November 1956
State Animal Blackbuck
State Bird Indian roller
State Flower Water Lily
State Tree Neem
Official Website www.aponline.gov.in

History

The history of Andhra Pradesh starts inside the Vedic duration. The history exhibits that principal part of the Southern India changed into extended by way of andhra vicinity. At some point of the period from seven-hundred to 300 bce, an historical country known as Assaka Maha Janapada (Notable Empires) become inside the saddle among Godavari and Krishna rivers in South-Eastern India. It became succeeded by means of the Satavahana Dynasty (230 bce-220 ce), who built the town of Amaravati. The kingdom reached its zenith underneath Satakarni. At the end of the length, the Telugu vicinity was divided into fiefdoms ruled by lords.

Ancient Period

Satabahana Dynasty

As part of the Mauryan Empire during the fourth century BCE, Andhra was a political state in the southeastern Deccan. After the fall of the Mauryan Empire, the history of the Andhras, as a continuous account of political and cultural events, commences with the rise of the Satavahanas as a political power. Uninterrupted political and cultural accounts of Andhra Pradesh begin during the rise of the Satavahana dynasty. According to Matsya Purana there were 29 rulers of this dynasty. They ruled over the Andhradesa including Deccan for about 400 years from the 2nd century B.C. to beyond the 2nd century A.D. . The court language used by the Satavahanas was Prakrit, and their kings observed the Vedic religion

Eastern Chalukyas

Between 624 and 1323, the Telugu language emerged as a literary medium alongside Prakrit and Sanskrit. From around 848 (during the time of Gunaga Vijayaditya) to the 11th century, the language progressed from stanzas to full literary works. This dynasty was a branch of the Chalukyas of Badami. Pulakesin II, the renowned ruler of Chalukyas conquered Vengi (near Eluru) in A.D.624 and installed his brother Kubja Vishnuvardhana (A.D.624--641) as its ruler. This dynasty is known as eastern Chalukyas, ruled for nearly four centuries The Kalyani Chalukya fell with the death of Vikramaditya VI. By the end of the 12th century, the Eastern Chalukya empire was divided into three kingdoms: the Hoysala Empire, the Kakatiya Kingdom and the Yadavas. More...

Geography

In this country, Andhra Pradesh occupies fifth position in terms of area. The state is sprawled in an area of approximately 2, 76, 754 sq kms. Andhra Pradesh lies between 12o41' and 19.07oN latitude and 77o and 84o40'E longitude, and is bordered by Telangana, Chhattisgarh, and Orissa in the north, and having the largest eastern coastline of 972 km in the country alongside Bay of Bengal, Tamil Nadu to the south and Karnataka to the west.

To the west of Deccan Plateau Ghats, Telangana region lies. Two major rivers Godavari and Krishna criss-cross the state making the soil fertile and thus cultivation of a number of crops is possible in this region. A small enclave 12 sq mi (30 km2), the Yanam district of Puducherry, lies in the Godavari Delta in the north east of the state. The state includes the eastern part of Deccan plateau as well as a considerable part of the Eastern Ghats.

All through the year, climate of this state stays moderate, and this is because of its proximity to the sea. The summer season in this state generally extends from March to June. During these months the moisture level is quite high. At certain places, the temperature even crosses 45 degree Celsius and any outdoor activity is wrought with the risk of dehydration and vulnerability to sun stroke, besides heat-related illnesses.

The summer is followed by the monsoon season, which starts during July and continues till September. This is the season for heavy tropical rains in Andhra Pradesh. Heavy rains are experienced by coastal region during north east monsoon. About one third of the total rainfall in Andhra Pradesh is brought by the North-East Monsoons around the month of October in the state.

A little winter is experienced by this state in the month October to February. This is the time when the state attracts most of its tourists. Since the state has quite a long coastline, the winters are comparatively mild, but temperature does not go below 16oC.

Andhra prefer cotton clothes which suit the climate of the region without any need for alterations during seasonal change.

Culture

The rich and varied culture of Andhra Pradesh can be perceived from its melodious music, scintillating dances, delectable cuisine, ingenious arts &crafts, glorious religions and wonderful people. Andhra Pradesh has always been known for its rich culture. In the world of creativity, Andhra Pradesh has procured a high position with its work of art. The state is undoubtedly a prized gem in the crown of the Indian glory. In the earlier times, the state was ruled by several dynasties and empires, which influenced its cultural heritage. Eventually, Andhra Pradesh culture became rich and creative with the touch of diverse civilizations.

The various dance forms that existed through the state's history are Chenchu Bhagotham, Kuchipudi, Bhamakalapam, Burrakatha, Veeranatyam, Butta bommalu, Dappu, Tappeta Gullu, Lambadi, Bonalu, Dhimsa, Kolattam and chindu. Kuchipudi and Andhra Natyam are the famous classical dances in Andhrapradesh. Though Carnatic music has a profound cultural influence on all of the South Indian States and their respective languages, most of the songs (Kirtanas) are in the Telugu language. The cuisine of Andhra Pradesh is reputedly one of the spiciest of all Indian cuisine. There are many variations to the Andhra cuisine depending on geographical regions, caste, traditions etc. Pickles and chutneys, called pachchadi in Telugu are particularly popular in Andhra Pradesh and many varieties of pickles and chutneys are unique to the State.

Education

The Andhra Pradesh Government has always been sympathetic to the plight of the Backward Classes. They have worked hard to better their position by various means.The Government created The Andhra Pradesh Knowledge Mission to make the state an education hub and knowledge society. For 2022, Governance target To be among top three Indian states with the best higher education eco-system in terms of quality, equity and access.

Economy

The growth rate of the state of Andhra Pradesh is mainly driven by agriculture, industry and service sectors. The economy of the state gives the priority in the areas of Food processing, Software exports, Financial services, Electronics, power, Textiles and Tourism. Andhra Pradesh economy has registered over 5.5% annual economic growth rate during the last two decades. Andhra Pradesh is a mineral rich state with largest limestone and also offshore Krishna-Godavari basin gas reserves of 60 Trillion cubic feet. The Godavari and Krishna are the two important rivers flowing through the state providing irrigation and hydro Power. This state

Governance

Chhattisgarh comprises of 27 administrative districts, which are further divided into sub-divisions. The government and administration in Chhattisgarh is controlled on the same paths as in other states of the country. The Chhattisgarh Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha). The Vidhan Sabha consists of 91 members. Chhattisgarh has 11 seats in the Lok Sabha - the lower house of Parliament and 5 seats in Rajya Sabha - the upper house of Parliament. The Chhattisgarh Assembly is elected by universal adult suffrage for a period of five years. The Chief Minister is the head of government and is vested with most of the executive powers. The Chief Minister is assisted by a Council of Ministers that he nominates, the size of which is restricted.

Judiciary in Chhattisgarh is headed by Chief Justice as in other states of the country and Chhattisgarh High Court is the head of the judiciary system in Chhattisgarh. High Court of Chhattisgarh was established at Bilaspur on 1st November, 2000 with the creation of Chhattisgarh state.

Tourism

The State of Andhra Pradesh is well promoted by their tourism department and is well known for its rich natural resources, temples and rivers. There are many sacred pilgrimage shrines in Andhra Pradesh of which Tirumala and Puttaparthi are visited by millions of devotees from all across the world. Andhra Pradesh is blessed with breathtaking natural beauty. Tourism in Andhra Pradesh includes historical monuments, museums, palatial havelis, tombs, hill stations, natural caves, temples, churches, mosques and many sacred pilgrimage shrines. The major tourist attractions in Andhra Pradesh are Asamgarh Palace, Char Minar, Bhongir Fort, Chanragiri Fort, Belum Caves, and Borra Caves, Paigah Tombs, Purani Haveli and many others.

Places to Visit

Situated in the southeastern coast of India, Andhra Pradesh is the 4th largest State of India. The State of Andhra Pradesh is well promoted by their tourism department and is well known for its rich natural resources, temples and rivers. From the unspoilt beaches of Vishakhapatnam to the green paddy fields of Nellore district and from the Pulasa Fish of Rajahmundry to the spiritual centre like Puttaparthi, everything in the state of Andhra Pradesh is distinct and alluring. Andhra Pradesh is certainly a destination that needs to be explored on India tour

Aaraku Valley

Located on the Eastern Ghats at an altitude range of 900 to 1400 meters above sea level, Araku is home to a number of tribal communities. Spread over an area of 36 sq. km, Araku is a perfect tourist destination with pleasant climate, lush greenery, waterfalls and streams. Araku Valley has some interesting places to visit including Borra caves, Tyda, Katiki Falls, Tribal Museum & Padmapuram Botanical Gardens.

Venkateswara Temple

Picturesquely situated on the top of the hills, Tirumala -the abode of Lord Venkateswara, is reputed as the most ancient temple in India, Sastras, Puranas, Sthala Mahatmyarns, and Alwar hymns, unequivo cally declare that in the Kali Yuga one can attain mukti only through worshipping this Venkata Nayaka or Lord Venkateswara. The temple is also known by other names like Tirumala Temple, Tirupati Temple, Tirupati Balaji Temple. Venkateswara is known by many other names: Balaji, Govinda, and Srinivasa.

Kothapatanam Beach

The clean sands and clear water of the Kothapatnam beach is perfect for a relaxing evening. The serenity and the flowing calmness of the sea waters with the sounds of the wave's leaves you mesmerized to bring an unforgettable experience. The beach lines the coast of Bay of Bengal and runs along several kilometres. The beach is popular for picnic and serves as a recreational spot. The long stretch of sand encourages walks but the sun setting view on the beach is something to look for.

Ramappa Lake

The water of Ramappa Lake is spread over an area of more than 82 Sq.Kms with lush greenery all around. The lake is over looked by beautiful hill ranges in the background providing a spectacular view especially at Sunset time. It is an excellent place for lovers of picnic and one can simply come here and relax under the shade of sprawling trees or walk around appreciating the beauty of nature or have a fascinating boat ride through lovely blue water.

Government & Polity

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