Chhattishgarh


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Chhattisgarh, a land of opportunities was a part of the state of Madhya Pradesh. It came to be recognized as a separate state in November 2000. Raipur is the capital of Chhattisgarh. It is the richest state in mineral resources with all major minerals including diamonds available in abundance. The geographical location of Chhattisgarh is 17 degree 46 min north to 24 degree 5 min north latitude and from 80 degree 15 min east to 84 degree 20 min east longitude. About 80 percent of the total population of Chhattisgarh depends on agriculture. Chhattisgarh has large supply of power which can be easily transmitted to any of the four grids of India.

Chhattishgarh State Basic Information

Capital Raipur
Area 135,192 sq. km
Population 25,545,198
No. of District 27
Literacy Rate 71.04%
Chief Minister Dr. Raman Singh
Governer Balram Das Tandon
Sex Ratio 991
Language Hindi
Date of Formation 1 November 2000
State Animal Wild water buffalo
State Bird Hill myna
State Flower *
State Tree Sal
Official Website www.cgstate.gov.in

History

The name Chhattisgarh is not ancient and has come into popular usage in the last few centuries.A major part of the Chhattisgarh as we know today was known as Dandakaranya in the ancient times. Other parts were known as Dakshina Koshal. In the medieval period, the region, which falls south of the Vindhyas, came to be known as Gondwana. The unbroken history of Chhattisgarh of South Kosala can be traced back to fourth century AD. In the 10th century the region was ruled by a powerful Rajput family who called themselves as Haihaya dynasty. This dynasty continued ruling Chhattisgarh for six centuries about the 14th century it split into parts, the elder branch continued at Ratanpur, while the younger settled in semi-independent state at Raipur. At the end of 16th century it acknowledged the suzerainty of the Mughals, In Bastar, in the middle ages, Chalukya dynasty established its rule.

The Marathas attacked Chhattisgarh in 1741 and destroyed the Haihaya power and conquer Chhattisgarh in 1745 AD. Later Marathas dominated the region and the entire region of Chhattisgarh was somewhat plundered by the year 1758. Chhattisgarh was first used in an official document in 1795, and became popular during the Maratha period. However with the decline of the Marathas, there prevailed complete lawlessness throughout the region and many tribal chieftains established rule over small tracts of land. According to British Chronicler, J.B. Beglar, "the real name is Chhattisghar (36 houses) and not Chhattisgarh. There is a saying that ages ago, about the time of Jarasandha, thirty six families of dalits (leather workers) emigrated southwards from Jarasandha's kingdom and established them in country, called Chhattisghar".

Geography

Chhattisgarh is the 10th largest state in India. The capital of this state, Raipur, is situated on the fertile plains of Chhattisgarh. Chhattisgarh is located in central India. It arrived on the maps of India and the world only as late as 1st November 2000. Uttar Pradesh and Bihar bind the State in north, in the east it is bound by Odisha, in the south by chhattishgarh and in the West by Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra. The geographical location of Chhattisgarh is 17 degree 46 min north to 24 degree 5 min north latitude and from 80 degree 15 min east to 84 degree 20 min east longitude. The total Chhattisgarh Area is 192,000 square km. Mahanadi is the leader of rivers of the state, while other rivers that follow suit in this state are Rihand, Indravati, Jonk, Arpa and Shivnath.

Chhattisgarh enjoy deep forest cover with 44% area of lush green areas. It accounts for 12% in terms of forest areas in India. The dense forests home to various species of flora and fauna. The northern and southern part of Chhattisgarh is a hilly region. The northern portion lies on the edge of the homogonous Indo-Gangetic plain. The southern part of this state is a constituent of the Deccan Plateau. The Godavari river and its tributary, the river Indravati, are important features of the Deccan Plateau in this region.

Culture

The culture of Chhattisgarh in it itself is every rich and interesting. Since ancient time people in this region have been known to have strong faith in God, which gives devotional touch to this culture. However Chattisgarh has its own dance styles, cuisine, & music. Pandwani the musical narration of the epic Mahabharata ,"Raut Nacha" (the Folk-Dance of Cowherds) and the Panthi and Soowa dance styles are very popular in the region.

Various festivals and fairs that are celebrated in Chhattisgarh reflect the traditional culture of Chhattisgarh. Through out the year the people of Chhattisgarh are busy celebrating various festivals in full vigour.

Rice is the staple diet in the state which is complemented by pulses, cereals, vegetables, fruits, and meat products. The tribal population enjoys delicacies state, a brew made of small, creamy white fruit of a local tree called ‘mahuwa' is very much popular.

Music forms an inseparable part of the state's entertaining culture. The rich traditional folk songs that are exclusive mentioned are sohar, bihav, and pathoni. While Sohar songs are associated with child birth, Bihav songs are linked with marriage celebration.

Education

Chhattisgarh is one of the newest states of India. Formed in the end of the year 2000, the Chhattisgarh government is still ill equipped and does not possess the resources required for the overall development of a good education system. However it is due to the constant efforts by the government authorities that the Chhattisgarh education system has recorded an impressive literacy rate of 77.86% for males and 52.40% for females. The average rate of literacy in Chhattisgarh stands at 65.18% as per the census report prepared in the year 2001. The central and state government establishment has taken steps to promote children's and women's education in Chhattisgarh. Raipur, the capital of this Central Indian state, is also the education hub of Chhattisgarh. Today, resident and non-resident students seek education in Chhattisgarh.

The education system in Chhattisgarh lacks in basic infrastructure and amenities. But there are quite a few schools and colleges in the state that impart quality education. Hindi is generally used by teachers as the medium of instruction in both schools and colleges of Chhattisgarh. But with demand for English growing, institutes are also trying to incorporate this universally accepted language in their teaching programs.

Economy

Despite its enormous mineral wealth and abundance of natural resources, Chhattisgarh continues to be an agrarian economy dependent on the rains. Chhattisgarh is presently one of the few states that have surplus power. Korba district in Chhattisgarh is known as the power capital of India. The gross state domestic product (GSDP) of Chhattisgarh is expected to reach US$ 47.75 billion in FY 2018 from US$ 36.6 billion in FY 2015. The GSDP of the state grew at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 11.83 per cent between 2004-05 and 2015-16.

Chhattisgarh produces enough rice to supply 600 rice mills within the state and in neighbouring Madhya Pradesh and so proudly claims the title of regional 'Rice Bowl'. Mineral resources are Chhattisgarh's biggest strength. Chhattisgarh is a leading producer of minerals such as coal, iron ore and dolomite, accounting for about 22.6 per cent, 19.8 per cent and 36.5 per cent of India's production, respectively. Major industries of the state are iron and steel, power generation and mining. Revenue generated from the mining of bauxite, corundum, dolomite, diamond, limestone, iron ore, tin ore, gold, china clay, quartz, silica, fireclay, fluorite and coal alone touches the Rs. 450 crore mark.

Governance

Chhattisgarh comprises of 27 administrative districts, which are further divided into sub-divisions. The government and administration in Chhattisgarh is controlled on the same paths as in other states of the country. The Chhattisgarh Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha). The Vidhan Sabha consists of 91 members. Chhattisgarh has 11 seats in the Lok Sabha - the lower house of Parliament and 5 seats in Rajya Sabha - the upper house of Parliament. The Chhattisgarh Assembly is elected by universal adult suffrage for a period of five years. The Chief Minister is the head of government and is vested with most of the executive powers. The Chief Minister is assisted by a Council of Ministers that he nominates, the size of which is restricted.

Judiciary in Chhattisgarh is headed by Chief Justice as in other states of the country and Chhattisgarh High Court is the head of the judiciary system in Chhattisgarh. High Court of Chhattisgarh was established at Bilaspur on 1st November, 2000 with the creation of Chhattisgarh state.

Tourism

Every place has something unique; however, unique places have everything unique about them. It takes a lot of consideration while you look to decide on a travel destination. Gifted with the beauty of nature such as verdant dense forests, spectacular hills, and tablelands crisscrossed with winding rivers, old caves and exquisite temples, Chhattisgarh has a lot to offer during your visit to this state. Chhattisgarh Tourism Board runs a string of well-located resorts and hotels, and independent hotels and tour operators are springing up in the most popular destinations.

There are many things to explore on a travel to Chhattisgarh. The history, art and culture, rich tribal life and archaeology; all are an interesting components that make for a perfect travel itinerary. The state has a high tourist potential in adventure tourism, water sports and pilgrimage due to the forests, waterfalls, temples and wide range of flora and fauna found in Chhattisgarh. The well-known landmarks in Chhattisgarh India are the gold mines and aluminium plant in Korba; Bhilai Steel Plant; Bela Dila iron ore reserves; the capital city Raipur, Bilaspur, Bastar, Chitrakut and other places.

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