Madhya Pradesh


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Welcome to the heart of India, and India's biggest state Madhya Pradesh. The intriguing area is an inebriating blend of rich history, energetic sights, wonderment spring craftsmanship and devout holy places. Madhya Pradesh is the southernmost state of the landlocked states in India. The measure of the state is large to the point that the time is 40 minutes in front of the nearby time zone in Ramanujgang, a town on the eastern outskirt of the State and Jabhua, on the western fringe. On the state's rough Northern side, there are the famous temples of Khajuraho, while two of the India's most acclaimed uwildlife sanctuaries Kanha and Bandhavgarh are grasping the state's region. Some of the major towns in Madhya Pradesh are Gwalior, Bhopal, Indore and Jabalpur. Bhopal is the capital of Madhya Pradesh. The vast majority of the general population communicate in Hindi or some dialect of Hindi. Madhya Pradesh is India's political and social pulse with the presence of extensive tribal population and temples.

Madhya Pradesh State Basic Information

Capital Bhopal
Area 308,252 sq. km
Population 72,626,809
No. of District 29
Literacy Rate 70.6%
Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan
Governer Om Prakash Kohli
Sex Ratio 931
Language Hindi
Date of Formation 1 November 1956
State Animal Barasingha
State Bird Indian paradise flycatcher
State Flower Sacred Tree
State Tree Banyan tree
Official Website www.mp.gov.in

History

Madhya Pradesh is commonly abbreviated as M.P. in India local. Its name "Madhya Pradesh" means "Central Region" because is if located at Central of India in plains. Madhya Pradesh emerged as an Indian state in the year 1956. During that period, the state also rose to prominence as the largest state in India. However, with the bifurcation of Madhya Pradesh in 2000, the modern-day Madhya Pradesh came into being. Historical record reveals the fact of it being ruled by a number of famous empires of India. The empires included the Mauryan Empire to the Mughals and later off course by the British. During the rule of the Mughals, famous musician Tansen of Madhya Pradesh used to be the official singer of the Mughal Samrat Akbar's court.

The great Emperor, Ashoka, began his career as the Viceroy of Ujjain. He laid the foundation of the Great Stupa at Sanchi in the third century B.C. In the first half of the seventh century, Central India formed part of the domains of the famous Emperor Harsha, during who reign the Chinese pilgrim Hiuen Tsang visited India. Dynasties like that of Sungas, Andhras, Satavahanas, Ksaptrapas, Nagas and last but not the least the Guptas ruled over this place. During and after the tenth century different regions of the state were ruled by different dynasties like Chandellas, who ruled in Khajuraho, Muslims in Gwalior and the Holkar in Indore etc. British dominion extended to Madhya Pradesh with the fall of Marathas and most of its regions became princely states of British India. However, after independence, it attained the true stature of an Indian state in 1956.

Geography

The total geographical area the state of Madhya Pradesh covers is approximately 308,000 sq km divided among the 45 districts of the state. graphically, Madhya Pradesh state located at middle of India in plains between latitude 21°04'N-26.87°N and longitude 74°02'-82°49' E, Madhya Pradesh state is exactly located in center of the India map so it known as the "Central Region" of India and also known as the "Heart of India" or "Central India". The Madhya Pradesh state can be geographical separate out into various regions which based on the different cultures and languages of these area. For example, in north-west of the state Malwa region, the south-west portion of the state is Nimar (Namar) region, and the northern part of the state is well known as Bundelkhand region, and the northeast part of the state is Baghelkhand region. Mahakoshal (Mahakaushal) is the southeastern portion of the state and last the center Vindhya and Satpura region. A number of significant rivers flow through this land. Thus, with the mountain ranges, rivers along with the plains, Madhya Pradesh has a varied physical feature.

Culture

Its strategic central location in the country has earned it this sobriquet. Madhya Pradesh culture shows deep influence of the tribal communities. In fact reflection of the glorious past is also very prominent as in the days of the yore eminent Maurya and Mughal empires had reined here. In Madhya Pradesh Culture, we see many similarities to what is seen in places like Rajasthan and Maharashtra. It is definitely a land for folk music and traditional dance right from the time of Akbar’s rule. We also see a lot of handicrafts, silk and cotton saris in various regions of Madhya Pradesh Majority of the population in Rajasthan follow the religion of Hindu and Muslim. Festivals like Bhagoriya, Madai, etc. are celebrated by the tribal groups. Dances like Sela, Kaksar, Gaur and Karma, etc are some of the dance forms enjoyed by the tribes.

Education

The state of Madhya Pradesh in India is one of the oldest centers of learning in the country. It is for this reason that education in Madhya Pradesh is very well organized and is systematically divided into distinct levels for different age groups. chools in the state are either affiliated to the state board of secondary education or to the CBSE or ICSE. The schools run by the state government use Hindi as their medium of instruction; however schools affiliated to CBSE or ICSE use English as their medium of study.The state has been identified with a potential to fulfil the future requirements of the knowledge workers. The state enjoys robust educational infrastructure with 222 engineering colleges, 218 management institutes along with hospitality, agribusiness and law institutes. The state also boasts of institutes of repute such as the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) and the Indian Institute of Management (IIM).

Economy

Madhya Pradesh is among the fastest growing states in the country. At current prices, the Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) of Madhya Pradesh for 2015-16 was US$ 86.32 billion. Between 2004-05 and 2015-16, the CAGR for GSDP was 11.84 per cent. Madhya Pradesh is also the second richest state in terms of its mineral resources. Primarily, it has an agricultural and pastoral economy. Industrial development is primarily concentrated in the more advance districts like Indore, Bhopal, Gwalior and Jabalpur.adhya Pradesh has posted an average 20 per cent agricultural growth rate during last four years and clocked close to 17 per cent in manufacturing and 8 per cent in industrial growth during the same period. In Madhya Pradesh, the contribution of industrial sector to GDP has increased to 29 percent.Madhya Pradesh offers distinctive monetary and strategy/policy incentives for organisations under the Industrial Promotion Policy-2010 & Action Plan, other than strategies/ policies for IT, biotechnology, tourism and SEZs. To pull in investors and promote entrepreneurs, the state government has selected TRIFAC, an agency that encourages a single window system, for speedy approvals of different clearances and consents.

Governance

Madhya Pradesh comprises of 51 administrative districts, which are further divided into sub-divisions. The government and administration in Madhya Pradesh is controlled on the same paths as in other states of the country. The Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha). The Vidhan Sabha consists of 230 members. Madhya Pradesh has 29 seats in the Lok Sabha - the lower house of Parliament and 11 seats in Rajya Sabha - the upper house of Parliament. The Madhya Pradesh Assembly is elected by universal adult suffrage for a period of five years. The Chief Minister is the head of government and is vested with most of the executive powers. The Chief Minister is assisted by a Council of Ministers that he nominates, the size of which is restricted.

Judiciary in Madhya Pradesh is headed by Chief Justice as in other states of the country and Madhya Pradesh High Court is the head of the judiciary system in Madhya Pradesh. High Court of Madhya Pradesh was established at Jabalpur on 2nd January 1956 HON'BLE M P High Court bench at Gwalior and District & Sessions Court at Bhopal.

Tourism

Popularly known as the heart of India, Madhya Pradesh is famous for its natural beauty and cultural heritage. With a varied topography that stretches to 3,08,252 sq km, the state is home to many important tourist destinations of India. From the historical monuments to modern amenities, culture, food and people; this state gives a taste of the entire India packed within its geographical boundaries.

It is a must see State of the India, brimming with starlet and thought provoking attractions. A world Heritage site of Bhimbetka rock shelters promoting the world's oldest prehistoric, paintings, erotic sculptures of Khajuraho temples, exquisite wildlife, abandoned ruins of Orchha and Mandu, spiritual temples of Omkareshwar, Maheshwar, and Sanchi, picturesque beauty of Pachmarhi, Madhya Pradesh has it all to be called exotic place.

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