Meghalaya


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Shrouded away in the unpretentious mountains of eastern sub-Himalayas is Meghalaya, one of India's most lovely state. It is a land favored with plentiful precipitation, daylight, virgin woods, high levels, amazing waterfalls, clear waterways and wandering streams; a place that is known for antiquated societies where the general population are keen, savvy and amicable.

In Sanskrit, Meghalaya signifies 'The abode of clouds' and implies the state's legitimate claim similar to the wettest place in the planet. A large portion of the state is secured by huge scopes of tropical essential woods and thriving with biodiversity of plants, warm blooded animals, fowls, reptiles and creepy crawlies. A portion of the little pockets of timberlands are known as 'consecrated forests' which have been protected since old circumstances by nearby groups because of religious and social significances.

Meghalaya State Basic Information

Capital Shillong
Area 22,720 sq. km
Population 2,966,889
No. of District 10
Literacy Rate 72.89%
Chief Minister Mukul Sangma
Governer Shri Ganga Prasad
Sex Ratio 986
Language English, Khasi and Garo
Date of Formation 20 January 1972
State Animal Clouded leopard
State Bird Common hill myna
State Flower Paphiopedilum insigne
State Tree Gmelina arborea
Official Website www.meghalaya.gov.in

History

The word 'Meghalaya' is comes from the Sanskrit word meaning the 'Abode of the Clouds'. Meghalaya has a wealthy history that was formed by real ethnic groups occupying the state for hundreds of years. These tribes are the Khasis, the Garos and the Jaintias – every of that takes after its own particular traditions and social customs. As per legends the Khasis were the most punctual outsiders of the state. The Khasis advanced crosswise over northern Myanmar to Assam. While the Khasis for the most part occupy the focal piece of the express, the Garos and the Jaintias abide in the west and eastern districts separately.

The Jaintias too are a tribe of darken birthplace. The earliest references to them were found in engravings within the coins, copper plates and structures of the Ahom Dynasty (1228– 1826). The Jaintias are like the Khasis in the regard that they talk normal a vernacular and even carbon copy. In any case, not at all like the Khasis, the Jaintias believed in faithfulness to a ruler. For instance, there are references to Dhan Manik, the seventh ruler of the Jaitias who led in the sixteenth century. It is likewise vital to take note of that every one of these rulers were Hindus as their names signify.

The first of the three tribes to come into a contention with the British was the Jaintias who battled with the previous in 1734 and 1770 under their ruler Chatra Singh. The Jaintias were crushed by the British who however restored their kingdom on installment of fines. Jaintias were bore the consumed of Burmese attack. Jaintia kingdom was at last added to the British domain in 1835.

Geography

The province of Meghalaya, topographically known as the "Meghalaya Plateau" or the "Shillong Plateau" lies in the south of the Brahmaputra valley. Meghalaya is arranged in the north-eastern part of India. Meghalaya is situated between Latitude 20o 1' N and 26o 5' N and Longitude 85o 49' E and 92o 52' E. The State is limited on the North by Goalpara, Kamrup and Nowgong districts of Assam, on the East by Karbi Anglong and North Cachar Hills Districts of Assam, and on the South and West by Bangladesh. The aggregate zone secured by the state is 22, 429 Sq. Km and the aggregate woods zone is 8510 sq. km. The most noteworthy point is the Shillong crest which is at a stature of 1965 m above oceans level.

Culture

The general population of Meghalaya transcendently take after a matrilineal framework where heredity and legacy are gone through ladies of a family, where strikingly the most youthful little girl acquires all the property and watches over matured guardians and unmarried kin. Meghalaya is a place that is known for diverse tribes and races of individuals living in harmony. The art and craft of Meghalaya is exceptionally one of a kind. The three tribes of Meghalaya the Khasis, the Garos and the Jaintias are adept in making various types of cane and bamboo things. They make a unique sort of cane mat called tlieng, which ensures a decent utility of around 20-30 years. The Garos weave the material utilized for their outfits called the dakmanda. Khasis and Jaintias likewise weave material.

The Garos generally sing folk songs relating to birth, marriage, festivals, love, and heroic deeds to the accompaniments of different types of drums and flutes. The Khasis and Jaintias are particularly fond of songs praising nature like lakes, waterfalls, hills, etc., and expressing love for their land. They use different types of musical instruments like drums, duitara, and instruments similar to guitar, flutes, pipes, and cymbals.

Education

Meghalaya has a general proficiency rate of 63.31% as per the enumeration directed in 2001. The distinction between the male literacy rate and female literacy is little with male literacy at 66.14% and female literacy at 60.41%. There is North Eastern Hill University, which has various affliated schools.

Colleges in Meghalaya offer courses in numerous streams, for example, Arts, science and humanities. The vast majority of the colleges in Meghalaya are partnered to NEHU (North Eastern Hill University). One can go over different institutions in Meghalaya, for example, Arts and Science Institutes, Biotechnology, Computer, Engineering, Fashion Designing, Hotel Management, Law, Medical, Management, Mass Communication, Nursing, Teaching and Polytechnic Institutes. Indeed, even proficient courses are offered by the colleges in Meghalaya which incorporates medical, hotel management, law, engineering, fashion designing and lots of additional.

Economy

Ten percent of the aggregate region of Megahlaya is cultivated. Meghalaya is critically famous for fruit cultivation. fruits include pineapples, oranges, bananas and so forth. The mandarin orange farmed in Meghalaya is thought to be of high caliber. What's more, a vast assortment of vegetables are developed in the state including cauliflower, cabbage and radish. The vital yields of the state are potato, rice, maize, pineapple, banana and so forth. Different harvests incorporate jute, ginger, mustard, sugarcane and cold. Sustenance grains are the most imperative harvest in Meghalaya. They involve about 60% of the state's developed region. The creation of nourishment grains is more than 230 thousand tons. Rice is the principle nourishment grain. Other vital nourishment grain crops are maize, wheat and a couple of different oats and heartbeats Oilseeds, for example, assault and mustard, linseed, soybean, castor and sesame are developed on almost 100 km².Areca nut manors can be seen everywhere throughout the state( particularly the street from Guwahati to Shillong). Other ranch crops like tea, espresso and cashew are additionally getting to be noticeably well known. Extensive assortment of flavors, blooms, therapeutic plants and mushrooms are additionally developed.

Meghalaya's GSDP remained at US$ 4.17 billion in 2015-16. The state's GSDP developed at a CAGR of 9.74 for every penny between 2004-05 and 2015-16. Meghalaya had an introduced hydroelectric power limit of 356.58 MW as of June 2016, including 313.03 MW from state utilities and 197.42 MW from focal utilities. Of the aggregate introduced control age limit, 356.58 MW was contributed by hydropower, 122.84 MW by warm power, and 31.03 MW by sustainable power. The potential for hydropower in the state is assessed to be around 3,000 MW. Meghalaya, with bounteous stores of coal, limestone, kaolin feldspar, quartz, stone, modern earth and uranium and a little store base of sillimanite, bauxite, base metals and apatite has extraordinary mechanical potential.

Governance

Meghalaya comprises of 10 administrative districts, which are further divided into sub-divisions. The government and administration in Meghalaya is controlled on the same paths as in other states of the country. The Meghalaya Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha). The Vidhan Sabha consists of 60 members. Meghalaya has 2 seats in the Lok Sabha - the lower house of Parliament and 1 seats in Rajya Sabha - the upper house of Parliament. The Meghalaya Assembly is elected by universal adult suffrage for a period of five years. The Chief Minister is the head of government and is vested with most of the executive powers. The Chief Minister is assisted by a Council of Ministers that he nominates, the size of which is restricted.

Judiciary in Meghalaya is headed by Chief Justice as in other states of the country and Meghalaya High Court is the head of the judiciary system in Meghalaya. High Court of Meghalaya was established at Shillong on 23rd March, 2013.

Tourism

Meghalaya, the abode of clouds, is a standout amongst the most wonderful states in the North-East India offering an assortment of sights, activities, food and festivals to the visitors. Surely understood for Cherapunjji, the place which gets one of the greatest precipitation on the planet, Meghalaya can hypnotize you with its slopes, valleys, lakes, hollows and waterfalls which give it a lovely look when secured with wonderful clouds.

A visit to any of the destinations in Meghalaya guarantees a bright ride through its shifted culture, customs, dialects and individuals. It is the ideal destinations for the individuals who are searching for natural beauty and serenity.

Excellent slopes, lavish green mountains, immense untamed life and sublime waterfalls can just portray the states to a restricted degree. The total portrayal of the state must be felt profound inside as you take in the natural quality of Meghalaya. Travel throughout the day to the slopes and mountains viewing wonderful Meghalaya destinations while eating the rich sustenance and getting a charge out of the radiant nearby painstaking work.

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